The correlation between the degree of traumatic brain injury based on the glasgow coma scale (GCS) and the emersion of post concussion syndrome (PCS) acute onset in the patients of post traumatic brain injury at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital Padang

Muhammad Reza Azriyantha , Syaiful Saanin, Hesty Lidya Ningsih

Muhammad Reza Azriyantha
Resident of General Surgery Department Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University / Dr. M. Djamil Hospital, Padang. Email:

Syaiful Saanin
Department of Neurosurgery Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University / Dr. M. Djamil Hospital, Padang

Hesty Lidya Ningsih
Department of Neurosurgery Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University / Dr. M. Djamil Hospital, Padang
Online First: April 22, 2021 | Cite this Article
Azriyantha, M., Saanin, S., Ningsih, H. 2021. The correlation between the degree of traumatic brain injury based on the glasgow coma scale (GCS) and the emersion of post concussion syndrome (PCS) acute onset in the patients of post traumatic brain injury at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital Padang. Indonesian Journal of Neurosurgery 4(1). DOI:10.15562/ijn.v4i1.170

Background: Traumatic brain injury is the main cause of death in the population under the age of 45 years, and the fourth leading cause of death in the entire of population. Based on the degree of traumatic brain injury, it is commonly categorized based on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). Post-Concussion Syndrome (PCS) is the set of somatic, emotional / behavioral and cognitive symptoms that occur after a traumatic brain injury.

Objective: The aim of this study was to find out the prevalence and correlation of the degree of traumatic brain injury based on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and the emersion of Post-Concussion Syndrome (PCS) acute onset in patients with head injuries

Methods: This study was a cross-sectional analytic study of patients who experienced Post-Concussion Syndrome (PCS) after traumatic brain injury at DR. M. Djamil Hospital Padang in 2020 from June to November 2020. Data were collected by filling in a questionnaire (The Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire) and medical record data of neurosurgical patients that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Results: It indicated that 70 patients were included in the inclusion criteria of this study. A total of 38 (54.3) respondents did not undergo the acute onset of PCS, meanwhile respondents who experienced acute onset of PCS were 32 (45.7) respondents. The results showed that 25 (67.6%) respondents with mild traumatic brain injury had PCS acute onset, while 4 (17.4%) respondents with moderate degree of traumatic brain injury had PCS acute onset, and 4 (17.4%) respondents had PCS acute onset PCS 3 (30%) respondents experienced severe traumatic brain injury with acute onset PCS and statistically the difference in the proportion of data from each of these variables was significant with a p-value of 0.0001. The results of statistical tests showed that p value> 0.05 on the correlation between PCS and GCS, thus, it can be concluded that there was no correlation between the direction of the relationship between PCS and GCS.

Conclusion: There was no correlation between the degree of traumatic brain injury based on GCS and the incidence of PCS acute onset, either it was unidirectional or vice versa in patients with head injuries at RSUP M. Djamil Padang.

Keywords: Traumatic brain injury, GCS, PCS


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