Characteristics of meningioma patients in Hasan Sadikin Hospital from 2012 – 2021: A 10 years descriptive study
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- DOI: https://doi.org/10.15562/ijn.v5i3.224  |
- Published: 2022-09-26
Background: Meningioma was found in one-third of all brain tumors. Clinical manifestation differed according to location. This tumor is mostly benign and may be treated surgically or conservatively. A description of the characteristics of meningioma patients in Hasan Sadikin hospital is needed. This study aimed to describe the characteristics of meningioma patients in Hasan Sadikin hospital in the last 10 years.
Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with meningioma hospitalized in Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, from 2012 – 2021. Patients diagnosed with brain tumors other than meningioma were excluded. Demographic and clinical data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences for Windows version 26.0.
Results. A total of 936 subjects were hospitalized due to meningioma in Hasan Sadikin Hospital in the last 10 years, with the highest in 2014 (13.4%) and the lowest both in 2020 and 2021 (4.6% each). Most patients were female (88.0%). The mean age was 44.16 ± 9.29. Most patients were between 38 – 47 years old (43.4%). Visual disturbance (26.9%), headache (24.0%), and protrusion of the eye (23.5%) were three of the most commonly reported complaints. Twenty-three percent of meningioma were diagnosed as sphenoorbita and 21.7% were diagnosed as convexity meningioma. Three patients were diagnosed with meningioma in more than one location. Meningiomas in Hasan Sadikin Hospital were mostly managed with craniotomy tumor removal (90.9%), followed by craniectomy tumor removal (4.8%). Sixteen patients (1.7%) were managed conservatively.
Conclusions: The number of meningioma patients were decreasing in the last two years. Most patients were females aged between 38 – 47 years old. Visual disturbance and headaches were commonly reported. The most frequent diagnosis was sphenoorbita meningioma. Almost all patients were treated surgically with craniotomy tumor removal being the most common procedure performed.
Keywords: benign intracranial neoplasm, characteristics, meningioma