Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is defined as brain function alteration due to external force. It is often caused by motor vehicle injuries and falls. Though TBI severity assessment can be rapidly done through the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), head computed tomography (CT) scan provides more accuracy in showing ongoing brain pathology. The head CT scan is mandatory in moderate–severe TBI and selectively used in mild TBI. TBI poses a great risk to health, social, and economic burden. Understanding TBI epidemiology is needed to create effective prevention and reduction strategies. This study aimed to provide an overview of TBI cases in Dr. R. Sosodoro Djatikoesoemo Hospital at Bojonegoro, East Java, Indonesia
Methods: A retrospective study with a total sampling method was conducted using TBI patient medical records at Dr. R. Sosodoro Djatikoesoemo Hospital from January 2020 to December 2022. Several variables were assessed in this study, including gender, age, mechanism of injury, and diagnosis based on head CT scan results. Descriptive analysis was used to process the data, then frequency tables and charts were presented.
Results: About 800 patients were admitted to Dr. R. Sosodoro Djatikoesoemo Hospital during the study period. Males (64.75%) and the age group of 11 – 20 years (24.75%) had the highest incidence of TBI. The most common mechanism was motorcycle-related injury, reaching up to 81.25% of all the cases. Normal head CT scan was found to be nearly half of the cases (48.88%).
Conclusion: Male, adolescence, motorcycle-related injury, and normal head CT scan findings were found in most TBI cases.
Keywords: Bojonegoro, epidemiology, Indonesia, traumatic brain injury