Publication Ethics

We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions. Though this journal has not yet obtained its membership with the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), we are committed to adhere to the standards and guidelines set out by COPE.

The following are the useful links for our authors, reviewers and editors.


COPE Flow-Charts

International standards for editors and authors

Policies on Conflict of Interest, Human and Animal Rights, and Informed Consent

Should you have any questions on our publication policies, please contact us

Before You Begin

Ethics in publishing

Reporting Standards & Data Access
The author must report the results of his research accurately and objectively. The data used must be accurately presented. The manuscript must contain sufficient detail and reference so that the work can be replicated by other researchers. The author may be asked to provide research data for Editorial Review needs.

Originality, Acknowledgment of Source, & Confidentiality
The author must ensure that what is written in the manuscript is original. The author should avoid all forms of plagiarism practice. Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. The authors should cite publications that influence the written report. Information obtained from conversations, correspondence, or discussions with third parties must obtain permission from the source to be reported in the manuscript. The author must ensure that it has a written permission to use confidential information.

Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication
Authors may not publish essentially the same research work in more than one journal. Authors are also prohibited from submitting the same manuscript simultaneously to more than one journal for publication. Authors may not submit published work except in form of a thesis, lecture material, or electronic preprint.

Authorship of the Paper
Authors should be limited to those who have a significant contribution (determine the concept, design, execution, or interpretation of the manuscript). All such persons should be listed as co- authors. Parties that participate in certain aspects of the script (e.g. language editing) should be recognized in the acknowledgments section. The corresponding author should ensure that all co- authors have been included in the paper, and no inappropriate co-authors are listed. The corresponding author is also responsible for ensuring that the manuscript submitted for publication in the journal has been approved by all co-authors. Authors take collective responsibility for the work.

Hazards and Human / Animal Subjects
The author should clearly identify in the manuscript if it involves chemicals, procedures, or equipment that have an unusual degree of danger. That research involving human or animal subjects should be conducted in accordance with relevant laws and institutional guidance. The authors are obliged to write in the manuscript that the procedures performed have been in accordance with the rules and the guideline, and have received permission to conduct such research. If the author wants to display case details or personal information, Authors must obtain written consent of the patient or the authorities. All permissions should be presented by the author to the editor if requested.

Fundamental Errors in Published Works
If the author finds significant errors or inaccuracies in his published work, the author shall notify the Journal Editor to retract the manuscript or to correct it. If the editor learns the error from a third party, then the authors are obliged to cooperate with the Journal Editor to clarify, improve, or retract the manuscript.

Image Integrity
It is not acceptable to make image manipulation that can change the meaning of the image. Changing the image to improve clarity is acceptable, but image manipulation for other purposes can be considered as a violation of research ethics.

Submission Declaration and Verification
Submission has not been previously published or is under consideration of another journal (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint). Please read more about in “Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication” from our Publication Ethics pages.

Changes to Authorship
The list of authors listed at the time of submission is final and should not be changed. Authors are expected to consider carefully including an order of authors. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. Written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors are needed to make such change, includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors.

We use Open Journal System (OJS) fully. The manuscript acceptance will be done by uploading to the OJS system via